Working off a set of blueprints to construct a building is an archaic concept. Today, designers, engineers, and construction crews often use software to create, manipulate, and complete a building on-site. Learn all about the latest software called building information modeling and how construction companies use it.
1. Coordinating Contractors
Building information modeling, commonly called BIM, is a 3D picture of a future building. For construction crews, this 3D image gives them a detailed view of how every component in the building is arranged. For example, crews can see where plumbing pipes reside and where they might overlap other utilities. With this information, they can practically schedule individual contractors.
In the past, utilities often had overlapping issues. One contractor installed its section, but the next contractor required the same space. As a result, utility rework was commonplace. Setbacks and time frames had to be worked into schedules. With the advent of BIM, construction crews can avoid these delays by altering any issues in the 3D model.
2. Correcting Design Imperfections
Before breaking ground, construction companies work with building designers on the initial plans. With BIM in place, construction companies look through the plans with an eye on extreme details. For example, they look for any measurement mistakes or compliance issues. With a few issues in mind, construction companies work with the designers on a solution.
Fixing flaws found in a 3D representation is much easier than ripping out concrete, drywall, or other materials at the actual site. Indeed, on-site mistakes create waste, lost time, and expensive rework.
Furthermore, many BIM images have walk-through abilities, too. By virtually walking into a building hallway, construction companies can plan out where complex issues might arise. Constructing a building with almost no 90-degree angles, for instance, requires extra time forming the walls and ceilings. With BIM offering a look at the challenge ahead, construction companies can streamline nearly every aspect of the job.
3. Controlling Man-Hours
From the moment designers create a BIM project, calculating man-hours is a simple task. These 3D images aren’t just pictures of windows on walls, for example. BIM provides data about window dimensions, orientation, and its relationship to the surrounding elements, reports Science Direct. This information defines the work necessary for the project, which equates to man-hours. In response, construction crews can schedule the perfect number of workers for each job site every day.
As BIM becomes the norm, construction crews might spend less time on a job than ever before. Some estimates see weeks or possibly months sheared off a given project timeline. In addition, BIM contributes to a smoother workflow on the job. Undoubtedly, crews can get the job done right the first time. As a result, less overtime comes with the building’s final price tag.
As software continues to evolve, BIM will follow. Construction crews must also learn about the latest software as it complements their work on the job. In the end, advanced technology and manual labor work together for safe, affordable construction in the cities of the future.